Skip to main content
  1. Species/

Junco hyemalis

Common Name: Dark-eyed Junco
Junco hyemalis
Junco hyemalis

Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Emberizidae
Genus: Junco
Species: Junco hyemalis

Conservation Status

Identifying Features

In New York, dark-eyed juncos are gray with a white belly and pink beak. In other areas of North America their color varies greatly.

Habitat & Range

In much of New York, including the Cayuga Lake Basin, dark-eyed juncos are year-round residents. Their year-round range reaches north through Maine and also includes parts of the northern Midwest, Pacific Northwest, and the southwestern corner of Canada.

Their breeding range extends across most of Canada, while their nonbreeding range encompases the rest of the United States and northern Mexico.


Dark-eyed juncos eat seeds and insects.

Their call is a short trill.

Featured image by Randen Perterson.


Melospiza melodia
Song Sparrow
Agelaius phoeniceus
Red-winged Blackbird
Cardinalis cardinalis
Northern Cardinal