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Microtus pennsylvanicus

Common Names: Meadow Vole, Meadow Mouse
Microtus pennsylvanicus
Microtus pennsylvanicus

Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Muridae
Genus: Microtus
Species: pennsylvanicus

Conservation Status

Identifying Features

Meadow voles are an average length between 3 1/2 to 5". They are a grayish brown in color with a silver belly. Their tails are short and biocolored.

Their hind tracks are 1/2" with 5 spread toes. Their front feet tracks have 4 toes. Burrow openings for these voles are 1 1/2" wide.

Habitat & Range

Meadow voles live in moist fields often near a body of water. They can be found in much of the Northern United States and throughout Canada.


Meadow voles feed off of root and leave vegitation. They are known to be active during the day. They travel in underground tunnels as well as above ground.

Life Cycle

They have a long breeding season starting from March through November, and can produce several litters a year. Meadow voles often live less than a year in the wild.

Featured image by Gilles Gonthier.


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