Skip to main content
  1. Species/

Procyon lotor

Common Name: Raccoon
Procyon lotor
Procyon lotor

Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Procyonidae
Genus: Procyon
Species: Procyon lotor

Conservation Status

Identifying Features

Raccoons are quickly recognized by their black “mask” around their eyes and their ringed tails. They have a grey and brown coat and are between 18 - 28" long.

Habitat & Range

Raccoons are common throughout most of North America, except Alaska and Northern Canada. They are commonly found in woodland, near streams and lake, and a variety of other habitats due to their ability to adapt to new environments.


Raccoons are nocturnal, and will make their homes in tree cavities, abandoned burrows, or other existing cavities. They are omnivores and will eat a variety of fruits, nuts, grains, insects, frongs, eggs, invertebrates, and small mammals.

Life Cycle

Mating season starts in late winter and goes through early spring. Litterns average between 5-8 young, and females will utilize dens with minimum bedding to raise the youngh. After 2 - 3 months the young will leave the den and then leave the mother either in the fall or the following spring.

Raccoons are solitary with the exception of a mother and her young. Raccoons live about 6 years in the wild.

Featured image by J.M. Wests.


Canis latrans
Lontra canadensis
River Otter
Lynx rufus