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Sciurus carolnensis

Common Name: Gray Squirrel
Sciurus carolnensis
Sciurus carolnensis

Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Sciuridae
Genus: Sciurus
Species: Sciurus carolinensis

Conservation Status

Identifying Features

Eastern gray squrrels are a a large roden, with body lenths between 8-10". They are most seen with a pimarily gray coat with a white belly but can have redish hues or be completely black in color. Their tail is busy and long.

Their hind tracks are 2 1/2" with 5 toes, and front tracks show 4 toes.

Habitat & Range

These squirrels live predominately in forested areas across the Eastern United States and Canada.


Eastern gray squrrels are more social than red squirrels, and they have a variety of calls and visual movements to communicate with eachother.

Life Cycle

They make their nests at the tops of trees out of leaves and twigs. The nests are about a foot in height and are called “dreys”. Females give birth to litters of 2-3 on average and young leave the mother after a month and a half.

Fruits, nuts, seeds, and fungi make up the bulk of their diet.

Featured image by Grendel Khan.


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