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Sturnus vulgaris

Common Name: European Starling
Sturnus vulgaris
Sturnus vulgaris

Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Sturnidae
Genus: Sturnus
Species: Sturnus vulgaris

Conservation Status

Identifying Features

European starlings are 9" long with a 16" wingspan.

They are a glossy black with green and purple iridescence. They have light brown speckles on them. Juveniles and nonbreeding adults appear duller in color and have more speckles.

Their beaks are long and yellow while their legs are pinkish yellow.

Habitat & Range

European starlings are native to Europe. They were famously introduced to Central Park in the 1890’s by Shakespeare enthusiasts, and now the species has spread across most of North America.


Starlings eat various insects, invertebrates, and fruit.

Their voice is a mixed chatter, with whistles and chuckles, however they can also mimic other birds.

Life Cycle

Starlings will have between 1 and 2 broods each season with up to 6 eggs each. The males will also lay on the nest for incubation.

Featured image by Trisha Spears.


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