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  1. Species/

Urocyon cinereoargenteus

Common Name: Gray Fox
Urocyon cinereoargenteus
Urocyon cinereoargenteus

Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Canidae
Genus: Urocyon
Species: Urocyon cinereoargenteus

Conservation Status

Identifying Features

To identify from other candids, gray foxes have black stripes down their back and a black tipped tail. Their fur is usually gray and brown. They have pointed ears, and angled snouts, typically with long claws on their pads. Unlike all other vulpes species of fox, they have circular pupils.

Habitat & Range

Widespread in North America and Central America and they are the only species of fox that covers this range. Mostly found in woody, bushy and rocky regions.


They are particularly adept at climbing trees with their sharply hooked claws. They are mainly crepuscular, being active during dawn and dusk. They den in hollow logs, thickets or in appropriated dens. Very rarely do they den in trees. They are generally solitary animals unless breeding or caring for offspring.

Life Cycle

They are assumed to be monogamous and their breeding season widely varies but typically in the late winter to early spring. Gestation lasts for approximately 53 days and each litter is typically 1-7 kits. Kits will begin hunting with their mother at 3 months of age. Typically the lifespan in the wild is 6 years.

Gray fox in captivity at the Cayuga Nature Center by Katie Bagnall-Newman
Gray fox in captivity at the Cayuga Nature Center by Katie Bagnall-Newman

Featured image of Banshee, a gray fox ambassador at the Cayuga Nature Center. Photo by Katie Bagnall-Newman.

See Me At Cayuga Nature Center


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