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Ursus americanus

Common Names: Black Bear, American Black Bear
Ursus americanus
Ursus americanus

Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Ursidae
Genus: Ursus
Species: Ursus americanus

Conservation Status

Identifying Features

Black bears are between 50-78: long and a dark brown to black color. Their snouts are often brown.

Their hind tracks are 7" long with 5 toes.

Habitat & Range

These bears are found throughout Northern Midwestern states, the Northeast, Appalacian Mountains, Canada, and some scattered regions throughout the US. Their habitat is throughout woodland and swamps.


Black bear’s diet consists of a variety of young vegitation, berries, nuts, insects, fish, small mammals, fawns, and carrion. Their diet largly shifts with the season and what is available.

Life Cycle

Black bears mate in early summer, and give birth mid-winter. Cubs stay with their mother until the following spring. Mother bears are very protective of their young and give birth every other year.

In the wild black bears live around 10 years old.

Featured image by PeupleLoup.


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