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Betula lenta

Common Names: Black Birch, Sweet Birch
Betula lenta
Betula lenta

Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fagales
Family: Betulaceae
Genus: Betula
Species: Betula lenta

Conservation Status

Identifying Features

Black birch trees are medium size trees, reaching between 50 and 80 feet tall. They have black bark that peels slightly. There have horizontal stripes across the bark.

The leaves are alternate and simple. They’re between 1 and 6 inches long, tear-shaped, toothed, and have forked veings. In the fall, they turn bright yellow.

When crushed or snapped, leaves and twigs have a wintergreen smell.

Habitat & Range

Black birch is found in moist forests of the northeastern United States and Appalachin Mountains.

Featured image by James Dake.


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