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Ostrya virginiana

Common Names: Eastern Hop Hornbeam, Ironwood
Ostrya virginiana
Ostrya virginiana

Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fagales
Family: Betulaceae
Genus: Ostrya
Species: Ostrya virginiana

Conservation Status

Identifying Features

Eastern hop hornbeam is a small tree, reaching up to 50 feet tall.

The bark is brown-gray, has a shredded appearance, and vertical lines.

Leaves are alternate and simple. They’re 1-5" long, tear-shaped, double-toothed, and veins are parallel and forked. In fall, the leaves turn yellow.

Habitat & Range

Eastern hop hornbeams are found throughout the eastern half of the United States.

Life Cycle

Fruit of this tree is a hanging cluster with nuts, with a smilar appearance to a hop used in the beer-making process.

Featured image by James Dake.


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