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Icterus galbula

Common Name: Baltimore Oriole
Icterus galbula
Icterus galbula

Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Icteridae
Genus: Icterus
Species: Icterus galbula

Conservation Status

Identifying Features

Adult Baltimore orioles are 9" long with a 12" wingspan.

Adult males have a rich black back and head. Their breast and sholder is bright orange, and their wings are black with white.

Adult females and immature males are a duller variation of these colors.

Habitat & Range

Baltimore orioles breeding range reaches from southern Canada into the eastern half of the United States, as far south as parts of Georgia and Alabama. They are in this range from May through September.

They overwinter in Central America and northern South America.

They live in open forests.


Baltimore orioles create hanging nests from trees.

They eat insects, fruit, and nectar.

Their song is a whistling with 4-8 phrases.

Featured image by Ryan Somma.


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