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Pius sylvestris

Common Names: Scotch Pine, Scots Pine
Pius sylvestris
Pius sylvestris

Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Pinaceae
Genus: Pinus
Species: Pinus sylvestris

Conservation Status

Identifying Features

Scotch pine has a distinct orange-brown colored bark, with bright orange coloration at the upper end of the trunk and on branches.

This plant’s needles are between 2 to 3 inches long, in groups of two, twisted, and a green-blue in color.

The cones are 1 1/2" long and brown.

Habitat & Range

Scotch pine are native to Europe and China, and introduced to North America. They are now naturalized in the northeastern US, southwestern Canada, and surrounding the Great Lakes. Their range in North America overlaps with the native red pine.

Featured image by James Dake.


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Red Pine
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