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Picea abies

Common Name: Norway Spruce
Picea abies
Picea abies

Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Pinaceae
Genus: Picea
Species: Picea abies

Conservation Status

Identifying Features

Norway spruce in North America grow between 80 - 100 feet tall. They are an evergreen, making them well suited to be planted as wind breaks.

The needles of this tree are 3/4" long, dark green, single, and four-sided.

Habitat & Range

Norway spruce is native to Europe, and was introduced to North America. It is able to grow in a variety of conditions, but prefers well drained and moist soils and cooler weather.

This tree has been intentionally planted in North America for landscaping and ornamental use. It is considered naturalized throughout the northeastern US, the Great Lakes region, and southeastern Canada, meaning that it grows and reproduces on its own in this area.

Life Cycle

Soon after maturity, Norway spruce will drop its long, slender cones. These cones are 5" long and start out green in color, turning brown.

Featured image by James Dake.


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