Skip to main content
  1. Species/

Zenaida macroura

Common Name: Mourning Dove
Zenaida macroura
Zenaida macroura

Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Columbiformes
Family: Columbidae
Genus: Zenaida
Species: Zenaida macroura

Conservation Status

Identifying Features

Mourning doves have a distinct dove shape to them, with round heads and bodies. They are 12" long and have a wingspan of 18". They are light brown-gray with darker wingtips and some white on their tailfeathers.

Their call is a “mournful” coo-o coo coo coo.

Habitat & Range

Their year-round range reaches across most of North America. They have breeding and non-breeding ranges in northern Canada and southern Central America, respectively.

Mourning doves are found in open forests, fields, and shrubby areas.


Mourning doves eat primarily seeds, but will also eat fruit and insects.

Featured image by John Benson.


Accipiter striatus
Sharp-Shinned Hawk
Agelaius phoeniceus
Red-winged Blackbird
Aix sponsa
Wood Duck