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Picea glauca

Common Names: White Spruce, Skunk Spruce
Picea glauca
Picea glauca

Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Pinaceae
Genus: Picea
Species: Picea glauca

Conservation Status

Identifying Features

White spruce has a scaly gray-brown bark.

Its needles are between 1/3 to 3/4" long, are blue-green in color, 4-sided, single, and stiff. When crushed, the needles have a distinct smell, giving the tree another name “skunk spruce.”

White spruce cones are 1-2" long.

Habitat & Range

These trees are primarily found in the Northern parts of North America, and are also common in Europe. They tolerate a variety of soil moisture and sunlight levels.

Featured image by James Dake.


Picea abies
Norway Spruce
Picea rubens
Red Spruce""
Pius sylvestris
Scotch Pine