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Vicia cracca

Common Name: Cow Vetch
Vicia cracca
Vicia cracca

Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Vicia
Species: Vicia cracca

Conservation Status

Identifying Features

The flowers of cow vetch are 0.5", purple, numerous, and clustered on one side of the stem.

The leaves are compound with 8 to 12 pairs of rounded leaflets on downy stems. The plants are vine-like with tendrils and grow to 3’ in height.

Habitat & Range

Cow vetch grows in fields and on trail sides. It is native to Europe and invasive in North America and Asia.

Life Cycle

The flowers of this species bloom from May to August.

Cow vetch is an herbaceous perennial.

Featured image by James Dake.


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